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高二英语语法:倒装
作者:高二英语组刘颖??日期/时间:2018/6/25 21:32:00??点击:744??我要评论

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倒装(inversion)

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一. 分类:

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完全倒装:整个谓语都放在主语之前.

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here comes the bus.

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部分倒装:把助动词,情态动词,提到主语之前。

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has he gone to school?

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注:主语是代词,有的不能使用倒装。

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二. 用法

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完全倒装。

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1. there be 句型中,be可换成 live , lie, stand 等表示状态的词。

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there is a boat in the river.

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tthere stands a temple on the top of the hill.

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2.用在以here, there, now, then, in out down up, back, over ,away, off等副词开头的句子中,主语是代词时不倒装。

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now comes my turn.

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here is a letter for you.

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then followed three days of heavy rain.

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in came the teacher, and the lesson began.

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off went the horses.

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up went the arrow into the air.

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away they went.

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3.为了强调表示地点的介词短语,常把这个介词短语放在句首,用完全倒装。

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in the front of the lecture hall sat the speaker.

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on the ground lay an old sick goat, which had gone into the cave to die.

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4.用在强调表语的句子中,表语提前不仅仅为了强调,而且为了避免句子头重脚轻,使句子平衡。

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such was the story he told me.

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gone are the days when we had nothing to eat.

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5.在直接引语全部置于句首的句子里,引述动词和他的主语往往要倒装.

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you have made great progress this term.” said our teacher.

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mr.crossett,”said my father, "will you permit an old pupil to shake hands with you?”

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why didn’t you join us!” our monitor asked me.

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部分倒装

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1.由连词as, though, no matter how, however引导的让步状语从句中,通常把n/adj./verb/adv.提前.

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child as he is, she knows a great deal.

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youngest as he is , he studies best in our class.

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however tired he is, he continues to work.

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again as he tired, he failed.

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hard as he works, he makes little progress.

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try as he does, she will never pass it.

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search as they would, they could find no sign.

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much as he likes the girl, he quarrels with her sometimes.

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young though he is, he has won the nobel prize.

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2.有were, had, should等虚拟条件句中,常省略if, 句子半倒装。

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were you a fish, the cat would eat you.

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had your father known this, he would have given you advice.

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3.语气,常把某些副词性短语或表语形容词提到句首,如 not, never, hardly, not onlybut also, neithernor, seldom, little, rarely, scarcely, nowhere, by no meansin no time, hardly/ scarcely.when, no soonerthan, not until,

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never have i met him.

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hardly did i think it possible.

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not until midnight, did it stop raining.(主句倒装)

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not until she took off the glasses did i recognize her

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scarcely had i got home, when it began to rain.(从句倒状)

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no sooner had he left home than it began to rain. (从句倒状)

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not only does he like, but also he learns it well.not only 后倒装)

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not only i but also she likes english.(连接主语不倒装)

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neither has he called on her, nor will he do so.(前后都倒装)

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4.频度状语的often, always, once, many a time(多次,常常),now and then, every other day

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often do i tell her about my life here.

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many a time has he helped me with my experiment.

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5 0nly和他所修饰的状语一起放在句首时,必须倒装。

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only in this way, can you learn english well.

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置于句首修饰主语和宾语时,不倒装。

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only the teachers are allowed to use the room.

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only him we could find in the room just now.

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6 疑问句中

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what did the two cheats pretend to be doing?

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what do you think the two cheats pretended to be doing?(注意)

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what makes you so angry? (注意)

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7.重复句型。

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在前后两个并列的句子中,后句以so, nor, neither开始重复前句内容时,主语是不同的人或物,译为……也是时,用倒装。

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he has finished his work, so have i.

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you can’t do it, nor can i.

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如果主语是同一人或物,译为…..确实如此时,不用倒装。

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it is fine today, so it is.

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当前面是复杂情况,如,两个不同形式的主语,两个或两个以上的句子,或既有肯定又有否定时,用so it is/was with sb./it is /was the same with sb/the same goes for sb句型。

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her mother is a doctor and works in the people’s hospital. so it is with mine.

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8.在以may开头的一些祝福语中

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may you have a good journey!

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may you succeed!

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9.程度状语的so/suchthat放在句首。前一部分倒装

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so loudly did he speak that all of us could hear him clearly.

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so angry was he that he couldn’t speak.

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such a noise was there that i couldn’t work.

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